Also known as Hanzhuang (漢裝) or Huafu (華服), is the traditional dress of the Han Chinese people. The term Hanfu derives from the Book of Han, which says, “then many came to the Court to pay homage and were delighted at the clothing style of the Han [Chinese].”
The hanfu is now worn during some festivals or coming of age/rite of passage ceremonies, by hobbyists or historical re-enactors, by Taoist, Confucian or Buddhist monks and priests during religious ceremonies, or as a cultural exercise. It is often seen in Chinese television serials, films and other forms of media entertainment. The concept of hanfu is distinguished from the broader concept of traditional Chinese clothing. This excludes many changes and innovations in the dress of the Han Chinese people since 1644, the founding of the Qing dynasty, on the basis that such changes were imposed by force (such as through the Queue Order) or adopted through cultural influence from the ruling Manchu ethnicity. Thus, the qipao, while widely regarded as an example of traditional Chinese clothing, is not an example of hanfu since it derives from a Manchu clothing style.
Hanfu has a history of more than three millennia, and is said to have been worn by the legendary Yellow Emperor.
Components: Upper Garment (Consist of “yi”, which have loose lapels and are open), Lower Garment (Consist of skirts called “chang”), Collars (Generally, diagonally crossing each other, with the left crossing over the right), Sleeves (Long and loose), Buttons (Sparingly used and concealed inside the garment), Fittings (Belts and sashes are used to close, secure, and fit the garments around the waist).